APPLICATION OF GEO-SPATIAL MAPPING IN GOOD GOVERNANCE IN URBAN ZARIA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

Abstract: 

This paper aimed at investigating the role of geospatial mapping techniques in good governance in the study area. Geospatial information mapping is an indispensable tool for government, institutions and organizations which are involved in the policies and decision making at local, national and international levels. Field survey, topographical map, satellite images and oral interview were some of the materials and methods used for the study. The results of the study revealed that the study area is blessed with a range of material and human resources such as water resources, rocks, vegetation, grassland, livestock, grazing land and farm land. The result further showed that geo-information mapping is second to none as a baseline data for good governance as it provides information for policy makers and gives an insight into the potentials for sustainable development. In view of the findings of this study, access to geo-spatial data is highly recommended as it is very vital for many of the governance issues related to the environmental and human resources development

ISSN: 
2476-8316

EFFECT OF POLYPHENOL OXIDASE ON BROWNING OF APPLE AND GARDEN EGG

Abstract: 

Browning is a biochemical process that occur in fruits, it affects the quality of fruits and their products. This led to a concern by the food and beverage industry due to clouding and other undesirable effects that affect consumer acceptability. The enzyme polyphenol oxidase (PPO) is implicated in browning reaction. It oxidises O-diphenols to O-quinones, a process that leads to browning reactions in wounded fruits, vegetables and plants including apple and garden egg. Inhibition studies of polyphenol oxidase from apple (Malus domestica) and garden egg (Solanium aethiopicum) extracts was performed. Higher protein concentration (5.2mg/ml) was recovered from apple compared to 3.81mg/ml from garden egg, while the enzyme (PPO) activity and specific activities were higher in garden egg extract compared to apple. Browning of the fruit was rapid at pH 7.0 for apple as compared to pH 6.0 for the same effect in garden egg. The optimum temperature for the two fruits was discovered to be 25ºC. Inhibitors such as EDTA, ascorbic acid and metabisulphite could potentially be used to control enzymatic browning. Metabisulphite was found to be the most effective inhibitor against PPOs extracted from apple and garden egg. Similarly, processing of the fruits under acidic condition and at high temperature may inhibit enzymatic browning.

ISSN: 
2476-8316

ANALYSIS OF TWO TECHNOLOGY TOOLS THAT CAN BE USED TO SUPPORT THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A KNOWLEDGE STRATEGY IN AN ORGANIZATION USING SWOT ANALYSIS TOOLS

Abstract: 

As the technologies are becoming more increasingly important in the modern economy and present a powerful combination for the future of Knowledge Management, Interdependence between the technology and the KM leads to development of many frameworks that are used to support the implementation of a KM strategy in an Organization. KM technology tools such as Collaborative tools, with ability to provide Electronic Meeting systems, Video-conferencing, Groupware, Executive Information system, Internet, intranet, and extranet were discussed in this research. KM emanated as a result of the increase in the organizational changes experienced recently. Today, most organizations realized there is an exigent need to implement KM strategy. SWOT Analysis today’s play significant role in generating strategic internal strength, weakness of the organization, and the external threat and opportunity as well. It is been considered as the simple framework to strategically analyze the organizational situation. In this research work, two technology tools where choose and analyzed using SWOT analysis tool.

ISSN: 
2476-8316

IDENTIFYING OBSTACLES TO KNOWLEDGE SHARING IN AN ORGANIZATION

Abstract: 

This study investigated possible causes of resistance or support by knowledge workers to sharing of knowledge within an organization. The problem addressed was that existing knowledge was not being effectively disseminated throughout the organization, resulting in lost productivity and opportunity as a result of failure to exploit available knowledge. Leaders of organizations and businesses can use the findings of this study to develop new processes and procedures for overcoming resistance to knowledge sharing, which might translate to increased innovation, productivity and competitive advantage. This study demonstrated that there were a myriad of barriers to knowledge sharing, these included but not limited to individual knowledge sharing, organizational knowledge sharing, technological knowledge sharing as well as cultural barriers. In doing so it confirmed prior research, as discussed in this paper. The research also uncovered a relationship between willingness to share knowledge and effective knowledge sharing, distributing the discovered barriers between each of these factors

ISSN: 
2476-8316

SOCIAL MEDIA: AN INDISPENSABLE TOOL FOR ENHANCING PUBLIC SAFETY AND SECURITY

Abstract: 

The advancement in mobile technology has increased the usage of social media tremendously. Social media has opened up ways for people to easily interact with one another. At the same time it has open up ways for cybercrime and other actions that are threat to national security to be committed. Through social media, how can National Security be threatened? How can the security and safety of the citizens be enhanced? In this paper, we addressed these fundamental questions. Answers to these questions justify why social media is indispensable in the hand of security agents who are saddled with the responsibilities of protecting lives and properties of the public. In this paper our aim is to make it clear particularly to security agents and national security policy makers that social media is indispensable. That is, it should not be ignored considering the security threats it poses and its potentiality of being a tool that can be used by security agents to counter national security threats and safeguard the public.

ISSN: 
2476-8316

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