Integrated Network Architecture for Seamless Heterogeneous Social Media Platforms

Abstract: 

Nowadays, one of the fastest ways of connecting people with old friends is through the social media network platforms (SMNPs) which have greatly influenced the way people communicate. This has continued to receive acceptance among all age groups and still growing, opening yet another area of research that explore large data of both social and behavioural context. The heterogeneity of these SMNPs has further brought innovations in developing applications for integrating resources in offering seamless services among the various SMNPs. The aim of this paper is to integrate data from social relationships by proposing a heterogeneous point-to-point architecture that seamlessly integrates various SMNPs. A Globally Integrated Relationship Linkage (GIRL) model is proposed in this architecture to test the strength of relationships existing between various SMNP users. The model lead to the development of a search mechanism (i-Navigate) for finding the optimal social linkage among users of same connection in heterogeneous SMNPs. The paper try to evaluate the performance of the mechanism and show its effectiveness in supporting different application metrics of integrated content-sharing which will make developers of SMNP design effective user-driven SMNP applications.

ISSN: 
2476-8316

SOIL EROSION HAZARD ASSESSMENT USING SLEMSA MODEL IN OUTSKETCH PARTS OF KANO METROPOLIS

Abstract: 

The study was carried out to assess soil erosion hazard in outsketch of Kano metropolis, which is located between Latitude 11o59' and 12 o 02' N, Longitude 8o33' and 8o40'E. The Soil Loss Estimation Model for Southern Africa (SLEMSA), developed for conditions in Zimbabwe, was evaluated and used to determine a soil erosion hazard in outsketch of Kano metropolis; parameters were assessed with a view to model soil loss in outsketch of Kano Nigeria. The computed mean values of soil loss inform of erosion hazard unit (Ehu) for the study area is 188.02(Ehu). These value varied between 106.85542 (Ehu) in Tsamiyar Matasa – Gunduwawa to 313.74376 (Ehu) for the North Eastern Bypass. The estimated erosion hazard unit was higher in Northern Eastern Bypass, followed by Rimin Kebe with 143.45634 (Ehu) while Tsamiyar Matasa records the least soil loss between the sites. K value is responsible for high soil loss in Northern Eastern Bypass and low in Tsamiyar Matasa, while in Rimin Kebe the combination of all factors are the yardstick for high soil loss in essence no single factor seemed more important than the other factors in affecting the estimate soil loss values. The SLEMSA sub-models of cover, soil loss, and topography were computed from energy interception, rainfall energy, and soil erodibility, and slope length and steepness, respectively. Sensitivity analyses of the SLEMSA model revealed that rainfall energy and slope steepness have the greatest influence for the occurrence of erosion in the study area. The effect of the sensitivity indices of the five parameters in this research is rated as E>F>S>L>i in accordance with their relative importance for the occurrence of erosion. It is recommended that deep rooted trees that could help considerably in the binding of soil colloids against detachment should be planted. However, SLEMSA does not estimate rill or gully erosion. Therefore another method should be used to capture the gully erosion hazards for this area.

ISSN: 
2476-8316

AN ASSESSMENT OF WIDOWHOOD AND ORPHANCY IN THE CONTEMPORARY HAUSA CULTURE IN KANO METROPOLIS, KANO NIGERIA

Abstract: 

This paper assesses the treatment of the family of deceases by the society and how it impacted on the wellbeing of the affected persons. It is a cross sectional survey research utilizing both quantitative and qualitative data through the identification of income, expenses, choices and decision in response to their predicaments. Structured interview and questionnaire are designed to capture the responses from widows, orphans and their neighbours/relative. Snowballing is adopted while sampling the respondents especially the people who are related to the orphans and widows. Simple descriptive statistics are used in describing the tally of some observed variables. Chi-square test was used to test the observed behaviors between widows and orphans. The findings revealed an amazing scenario where 80% of the widow lamented bitter experiences after the death of their husbands. Majority of the orphans suffers various problems in their upbringing including feeding and other necessities of life like clothes, shelter and schooling. Economic hardship, poverty and westernization change Hausa-polygamous culture which in turn made the widows at disadvantage of getting another husbands. The study discovered that female orphanage is more debilitating than their males’ counterpart. Majority are push into Hawking and other low-level livelihood options that affect their honour and decency at times injuring their health womanhood. The paper recommend with emphases that Government should revamp the welfare services to take care of widows and orphans through monthly allowances, free education and health care in order to protect and prevent them from evil-minds whom in the name of assisting, end of jeopardizing their future

ISSN: 
2476-8316

APPLICATION OF GEO-SPATIAL MAPPING IN GOOD GOVERNANCE IN URBAN ZARIA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

Abstract: 

This paper aimed at investigating the role of geospatial mapping techniques in good governance in the study area. Geospatial information mapping is an indispensable tool for government, institutions and organizations which are involved in the policies and decision making at local, national and international levels. Field survey, topographical map, satellite images and oral interview were some of the materials and methods used for the study. The results of the study revealed that the study area is blessed with a range of material and human resources such as water resources, rocks, vegetation, grassland, livestock, grazing land and farm land. The result further showed that geo-information mapping is second to none as a baseline data for good governance as it provides information for policy makers and gives an insight into the potentials for sustainable development. In view of the findings of this study, access to geo-spatial data is highly recommended as it is very vital for many of the governance issues related to the environmental and human resources development

ISSN: 
2476-8316

EFFECT OF POLYPHENOL OXIDASE ON BROWNING OF APPLE AND GARDEN EGG

Abstract: 

Browning is a biochemical process that occur in fruits, it affects the quality of fruits and their products. This led to a concern by the food and beverage industry due to clouding and other undesirable effects that affect consumer acceptability. The enzyme polyphenol oxidase (PPO) is implicated in browning reaction. It oxidises O-diphenols to O-quinones, a process that leads to browning reactions in wounded fruits, vegetables and plants including apple and garden egg. Inhibition studies of polyphenol oxidase from apple (Malus domestica) and garden egg (Solanium aethiopicum) extracts was performed. Higher protein concentration (5.2mg/ml) was recovered from apple compared to 3.81mg/ml from garden egg, while the enzyme (PPO) activity and specific activities were higher in garden egg extract compared to apple. Browning of the fruit was rapid at pH 7.0 for apple as compared to pH 6.0 for the same effect in garden egg. The optimum temperature for the two fruits was discovered to be 25ºC. Inhibitors such as EDTA, ascorbic acid and metabisulphite could potentially be used to control enzymatic browning. Metabisulphite was found to be the most effective inhibitor against PPOs extracted from apple and garden egg. Similarly, processing of the fruits under acidic condition and at high temperature may inhibit enzymatic browning.

ISSN: 
2476-8316

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