Dutse Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences Vol2. Issue1

URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS AMONG FEMALE PATIENTSATTENDING BARNIN-KUDU GENERAL HOSPITAL, JIGAWA, NIGERIA

Author: 
Ahmad, M.M,Yahaya, G, Shu’aibu, I and Abdullahi, I. I

Urinary tract infection is common among females of all ages. Prevalence and incidence is
higher in women than in men, which is likely the result of several clinical factors
including anatomic differences, hormonal effects, and behavioral patterns. In this study,
a total of 150 High Vaginal Swab (HVS) samples were collected from female patients
using sterile cotton swab sticks and immediately transported to laboratory for further
analysis.It was observed that 53 (35.3%) of the 150 female patients sampled were

THE DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF A LEARNING TOOL FOR DEMONSTRATING AUTOMATIC JAVA CODE GENERATION FROM UML CLASS DIAGRAMS

Author: 
Mukhtar, M.I., and Galadanci, B. S.

The Emergence of UML as the de-facto standard for modelling systems has encouraged
the use of automated software tools that facilitate automatic code generation. The
significance of automatic code generation from UML diagrams has increased over the
traditional software development process due to benefits such as cost reduction, less
time consumption, maintainability and accuracy. The aim of this paper is to describe the
design and implementation of a learning tool for students to demonstrate automatic java

THE ACCEPTANCE AND USE OF AUTOMATED TELLER MACHINES (ATMs) BY UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS

Author: 
Galadanci, B. S., and Abdulwahab, L.

Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) are increasingly being used in Nigeria and they have
all but replaced banking hall services. ATMs provide a special example of voluntary IT
platform that have been widely accepted for use in spite of the presence of alternatives.
The UTAUT model appears to have been developed for a commercial organization in mind
where IT systems are used to improve worker productivity and the general efficiency of
the organization. This paper is an attempt to validate a modified UTAUT model for these

STUDIES OF ZOOPLANKTON COMPOSITION OF GADAR TAMBURAWA RIVER IN DAWAKIN KUDU LOCAL GOVERNMENT, KANO STATE NIGERIA

Author: 
RABIU ADAMU and AMINU AHMAD WUDIL

This study evaluated the Zooplankton Composition of Gadar Tamburawa river in Dawakin
Kudu Local Government, Kano State. Monthly variation and composition of zooplankton
parameters of the river were studied for a period of six months (July – December 2014).
Result showed monthly variations of means (lowest-highest) values ranges between
0.00±0.00 in December to 1.33±0.88 in August and September for Protozoa, 2.00±0.00 in
December to 8.33±3.84 in August for Rotifers, where Cladocera had 0.00±0.00 in July,

STABILITY ANALYSIS OF THE GIERER-MEINHARDT SYSTEM WITH ACTIVATOR DEGRADATION

Author: 
Abdulrahaman Lawal Suleiman

In this paper, the simplest version of the Gierer-Meinhardt model of morphogenesis is
studied which is an activator inhibitor system. This is done by determining the positive
steady states of the system and examining the eigenvalues using linear stability analysis
of the diffusion less situation. It is shown that the reaction kinetics cannot exhibit
oscillatory behavior when the degradation rate of the activator is less than one. It is also
shown that for a pattern to form, the inhibitor must diffuse faster than the activator.

SECURITY OF EMAIL IN CLOUD COMPUTING

Author: 
Ahmed Baita Garko, Kabir Musa Muhammad and AbdulKarim Salih Aish

Cloud computing is a type of computing that relies on sharing computing resources rather
than having local servers or personal devices to handle applications. In cloud computing,
the word “cloud” is used as a metaphor for “the Internet”, so the phrase cloud computing
means “a type of internet-based computing” where different services such as servers,
storage and applications are delivered to an organization’s computers and devices
through the Internet. Even email system can be deployed in cloud computing

RADIOMETRIC ASSAY OF OUTDOOR GAMMA DOSE RATE LEVEL IN KATSINA METROPOLIS, KATSINA STATE, NIGERIA

Author: 
Bashir G. Muhammad,Tijjani S. Bichi and Dahiru G. Diso

The presence of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) in the environment
makes background radiation inevitably present everywhere in the environment. Their
contribution gives the largest contribution to the total radiation dose received by
humans. A survey was therefore carried out to determine baseline outdoor gamma dose
rate in Katsina metropolis, Northern Nigeria. RDS-120 Universal Survey Meters capable of
measuring gamma dose rate of 0.05μSv/h to 10Sv/h dose were used. The meters were

RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION GATE CONTROL SYSTEM

Author: 
B. Y. Baha, E. K. Jones,K. A. Dodo and P. Okimba

Identifying who is allowed to enter the premises of higher institution has always been an
issue in Nigeria, especially with the current state of insecurity in the country. The
current system of identification in most university is inefficient and unacceptable. To
produce a more efficient system, related literatures were reviewed and a Radio
Frequency Identificationtechnology was used to develop a gate control.An object (person)
can be identified by the unique identification number that each tag bears. The system

PROBABILISTIC MODEL FOR AVAILABILITY AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR SYSTEM

Author: 
Suleiman, K, U. A. Ali, Bello M. S H. N. Yahya, Nazir Bala and Ibrahim Yusuf

In this study four sub-systems are considered to constitute photovoltaic solar system with
an objective to optimize the steady state availability that achieve maximum level. Thus,
the study analyzed the performance evaluation of photovoltaic configuration using
Chapman Kolmogrov’s techniques. Moreover, probabilities of all the states of the system
are obtained using a transition diagram and then availability expression is derived. The
behavior of both failure and repair with respect to availability are investigated using the

POST-HARVEST SPOILAGE FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH CABBAGE (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) GROWN AT KWAKWACHI IRRIGATION AREA OF KANO STATE, NIGERIA

Author: 
Yahaya, S. M. Fagwalawa, L. D. and Usman, A. A.

Studies on post-harvest fungi causing deterioration in cabbage (Brassica oleracea)
sampled from farmers at Kwakwachi irrigation area in Kano State was carried out
between September and December, 2014. The samples were surface sterilized using 3%
sodium hypochlorite solution and homogenates were cultured on potato Dextrose Agar
and incubated at 25.7 ±2oc for three days. Pure cultures of the resulting fungal colonies
were obtained from the subcultures of the primary plates. These were identified

Pages

CLASSIFYING URBAN CLIMATE FIELD SITES BY LOCAL CLIMATE ZONES OF KADUNA METROPOLIS NIGERIA

Author: 
S .U .Usmanb,I.A. Abdulhameda ,M.Ibrahima,E. O .Iguisib, I.M.Azarea and O. F .Atic

This study assessed the local climate zones (LCZ) in Kaduna metropolis. It involved the
categorization of the land use land cover using local climate zone scheme, as well as the
determination of the canyon geometry of the study sites within the study area. 19 study
sites were selected within and outside the metropolis Deploying meteorological stations
in rural and urban areas as well as across urban areas reveal that in most cases,
significant variability exists in the microclimates observed. And that this variability

ASSESEMENT OF WERNER DECONVOLUTION METHOD IN THE ANALYSIS OF REGIONAL FAULT SYSTEM: A CASE STUDY OF THE KALANGAI FAULT SYSTEM NORTHWESTERN NIGERIA

Author: 
Abubakar Y.I., Dewu B.B.M. and Lawal K.M.

Werner deconvolution analysis of four ground and six aero magnetic profiles across the
Kalangai fault within the Kushaka schist belt northwestern Nigeria was carried out in
order to assess the usefulness of the method in analyzing profile magnetic data. The
length of the ground profiles varies from 4 Km to 8 Km, while that of the aeromagnetic
profiles from 40 Km to 80 Km. All the profiles were laid perpendicular to the strike
direction of the fault. The ground magnetic profile data were obtained using a Scintrex

ANALYSIS OF SOME PHYTOCHEMICALS AND MINERALS FOUND IN AQUEOUS STEM BARK EXTRACT OF ALBIZIA LEBBECK

Author: 
Labaran IbrahimLukman O. Afolabi Adam A. Adam Jamil D. Usman Umar Muhammad

The analysis of some phytochemicals and minerals were performed using aqueous stem
bark extract of Albizia lebbeck obtained from Gano town of Wudil Local Government
Area, Kano-Nigeria. The research work was undertaken to identify and quantify
phytochemicals such as tannins, flavonoids, saponins, phenols, alkaloids; and minerals
such as magnesium, iron, calcium, zinc and potassium found in the aqueous stem bark
extract of the plant. The result of the phytochemical screening indicated that the stem

POST-HARVEST SPOILAGE FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH CABBAGE (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) GROWN AT KWAKWACHI IRRIGATION AREA OF KANO STATE, NIGERIA

Author: 
Yahaya, S. M. Fagwalawa, L. D. and Usman, A. A.

Studies on post-harvest fungi causing deterioration in cabbage (Brassica oleracea)
sampled from farmers at Kwakwachi irrigation area in Kano State was carried out
between September and December, 2014. The samples were surface sterilized using 3%
sodium hypochlorite solution and homogenates were cultured on potato Dextrose Agar
and incubated at 25.7 ±2oc for three days. Pure cultures of the resulting fungal colonies
were obtained from the subcultures of the primary plates. These were identified

A COMPETITIVE BUSINESS IS/IT STRATEGY: SURVEY ON ADAPTION OF IS/IT STRATEGY IN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES

Author: 
Salim Ahmad,Farouk Lawan Gambo, Haruna Musa,Isma’il Muhammad Musa, and Yusuf Magaji

Today, Information system technology transforms the way enterprises go about the
business processes. Large business enterprises have completely changed the way a
business is carried out. Large business enterprises adapt various ways in which IS/IT
strategy influences their business, which hinders effectiveness in their business like:
operational excellence, new products, services, and business models, customer and
supplier intimacy, improved decision making, competitive advantage and business

STUDIES OF ZOOPLANKTON COMPOSITION OF GADAR TAMBURAWA RIVER IN DAWAKIN KUDU LOCAL GOVERNMENT, KANO STATE NIGERIA

Author: 
RABIU ADAMU and AMINU AHMAD WUDIL

This study evaluated the Zooplankton Composition of Gadar Tamburawa river in Dawakin
Kudu Local Government, Kano State. Monthly variation and composition of zooplankton
parameters of the river were studied for a period of six months (July – December 2014).
Result showed monthly variations of means (lowest-highest) values ranges between
0.00±0.00 in December to 1.33±0.88 in August and September for Protozoa, 2.00±0.00 in
December to 8.33±3.84 in August for Rotifers, where Cladocera had 0.00±0.00 in July,

EFFECTS OF FUEL WOOD EXPLOITATION ON THE ENVIRONMENT: A CASE STUDY OF NASARAWA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA.

Author: 
Umar Osu Ujih, Nura Sabiu, Dahiru Mohammed Musa and Isa Magaji Azare

The study aimed at examining the adverse effects of fuel wood exploitations on the
environment in Nasarawa Local Government Area, with objectives of identifying the
major source of domestic energy, examining the types of economic trees mostly
extracted, assessing the extent of devastation and its effects on the environment with a
viewing to ameliorating the deteriorations. To achieve the set objectives biophysical and
socio economic survey on households and fuel wood vendors was adopted to collect data

HARNESSING THE TOURISM POTENTIALS IN THE FCT, ABUJA AND NASARAWA STATE FOR EMPLOYMENT, HEALTH AND REVENUE GENERATION FOR THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Author: 
Umar Osu Ujih, and Imran Umar Ujih

This research is concerned with harnessing the tourism potentials in the FCT, Abuja and
Nasarawa State for employment, health and revenue generation for the sustainable
development. The broad objectives of the study are toidentify current tourist centres,
classify of potential tourist centres and recommend way forward to promoting tourism
development in Abuja FCT and Nasarawa State vis-à-vis their favourable climate and
tourist attractions. Tourism can be seen as temporary and short term movement of

ANALYSIS OF A DISSIMILAR COLD STANDBY SYSTEM WITH THREE MODES USING KOLMOGOROV FORWARD EQUATIONS METHOD

Author: 
Bala Naziru Idris, Mansur Idi, Suleiman K and Ubah Ahmad Ali

This paper studied the reliability characteristics of a two-dissimilar unit cold standby
system with three modes (normal, partial failure and total failure) by using kolmogorov
forward equation method, in which explicit expressions of the mean time to system
failure (MTSF ), steady state availability ( ) T A ¥ , the busy period ( ) P B ¥ and profit
function ( ) F P ¥ are derived. The failure rate and repair time are assumed to have
exponential distribution. It was found that (MTSF ), ( ) T A ¥ and ( ) F P ¥ decreases with

Pages