A BRIEF LOOK AT GEOGRAPHY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF KANO STATE

Author: 
Khalil, M.S., Sabiu, N. and Muhammed, S.N.

This paper traces the historical background of geography education in Kano Nigeria. It
investigated the problems hindering the development of Geography Education in the study
area. It also examined the status of the subject and provided appropriate
recommendations. The paper used the secondary sources of data in the gathering of
information. The main sources of data in this paper were library research involving
review of published and unpublished related papers and thesis, books, internet articles

ISSN: 
2476-8316

AN OVERVIEW OF URBANIZATION AND ITS CHALLENGES ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

Author: 
Muhammed,S.N., Sabiu, N. and Khalil, M.S.

Urbanization is not merely a modern phenomenon, but rapid and historic transformation
and replaced by predominantly urban culture. The process of urbanization is increasing in
both the developed and developing countries. However, rapid urbanization in particular
the growth of Nigerian large cities, and the associated problems of unemployment,
poverty, inadequate health, poor sanitation, urban slums and environmental degradation
pose a formidable challenges. The Urban Heat Island phenomenon has become a growing

ISSN: 
2476-8316

ASSESSMENT OF HYGIENE PRACTICES AND MICROBIAL LOADS IN DUTSE ULTRA-MODERNABATTOIR, JIGAWA STATE

Author: 
Shiaka G.P., Yakubu S.E., Aminu-Mukhtar M., Whong C.M.Z

Hygienic practice in the abattoirs where food animals are being processed is a major
concern since records have shown that the main meat consumed by the Nigeria populace is
beef. The quality of meat from abattoirs is relatively proportional to the hygiene status
of the butchers and other workers who handle meat as well. The level of hygiene and the
microbial loads of this abattoir were assessed by engaging workers in an interview using
structured questionnaire and by the bacterial load. The results obtained showed that

ISSN: 
2476-8316

BACTERIOLOGICAL SCREENING OF ENVIRONMENTAL SOURCES OF CONTAMINATION IN ZANGO ABATTOIR, ZARIA, KADUNA STATE

Author: 
Shiaka G.P., Yakubu S.E., Aminu-Mukhtar M., Whong C.M.Z

The bacteriological screening of environmental sources of contamination was carried out
in Zango abattoir, Zaria, Kaduna state. A total of 12 visits were made in the year 2013
with swab samples collected from cattle carcasses, butchers hands and knives, abattoir’s
wall, floor, effluent and water for washing were all collected and analyzed. The analyses
included determination of bacterial loads and detection of coliforms. The highest mean of
bacterial counts was obtained on butcher’s hands (9.9 x 106 cfu/cm2) and lowest in water

ISSN: 
2476-8316

CURRENT TREND IN THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF TUBERCULOSIS:A REVIEW

Author: 
Sani M. N.,Habiba I. G.,Hassan A.M. and Adamu A. Y.

Tuberculosis (TB) is a global public health problem affecting both sexes in all age groups
and all races. The disease is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Tubercle bacilli), a
pathogenic bacteria species in the family Mycobacteriaceae. A number of factors make
people more susceptible to TB infections. The most important risk factor globally is
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); 13% of all people with TB are infected with the
virus. This is a particular problem in sub-Saharan Africa, where rates of HIV infection

ISSN: 
2476-8316

DERIVATION OF THE GRAVITATIONAL POTENTIAL OF A UNIFORMLY ROTATING SPHERICAL MASS

Author: 
Chifu E. Ndikilar, Hafeez Y. Hafeez, Sabo Isyaku and Sabiu S. Abdullahi

The gravitational potential of a uniformly rotating homogeneous spherical mass placed in
empty space is obtained. The obtained expressions for the gravitational potential exterior
and interior to the spherical mass are of all orders of the speed of light in vacuum and are
functions of the Legendre polynomial of order two. The gravitational potential reduces to
that of the static body when the angular velocity equals zero.
Keywords: gravitational potential, spherical mass, homogeneous, rotating

ISSN: 
2476-8316

FORECASTING MATERNAL MORTALITY RATE USING PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION BASED ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK

Author: 
Salihu A. Abdulkarim and Ahmed Baita Garko

Several methods have been proposed to improve maternal mortality forecasting. In this
paper, the author proposed a PSO based ANN model to forecast maternal mortality. Real
world data was used in analyzing the performance of the model. The model predicts
monthly maternal mortality in one step ahead forecasting scheme. Results were
presented and compared based on two types of error measures: MSE and MAE. The
PSO-ANN model gives a better out of sample error compared to common AR and ARMA
models.

ISSN: 
2476-8316

FRAUD VULNERABILITY AMONG ATM CARD USERS IN NIGERIA

Author: 
Ahmed Baita Garko, Salihu A. Abdulkarim, Farouk Lawan Gambo, Abullahi H. B/Kudu and Adamu Salisu

The advent of electronic payment systems in Nigeria was a significant development in the
banking industry over a couple of years. Importantly, this development has brought about
reduction in the size of long queues and also in the time mostly taken by either individual
or corporate customers in making any payment transaction in the hitherto crowded
banking halls in Nigeria. However, despite this development, the very lingering problem
with this platform of making payment is fraud. In this paper, we present a work done to

ISSN: 
2476-8316

GENERATION OF BIOGAS FROM MAIZE COB AND ANALYSIS OF THE COMBUSTIBLE COMPONENT OF THE BIOGAS USING FLAME IONIZATION DETECTOR (FID)

Author: 
Gumel, S. M. and Yaro, M. N.

Anaerobic fungal degradation of maize cob by cellulolytic fungus (yeast) was carried
out at optimum operational conditions of temperature (330C), pH (7.3) and slurry
concentration (4g/25cm3) for 10 consecutive days. The daily and total volumes of the
biogas generated from the maize cob were collected and measured at daily fixed
interval. The CO2 content of the biogas was evaluated by passing the biogas into 1.0M
solution of NaOH while the H2S content of the biogas was evaluated by passing the

ISSN: 
2476-8316

GEOCHEMICAL APPLICATIONS AND LIMITATIONS OF PRISTANE TO PHYTANE RATIO IN DETERMINING THE REDOX CONDITION OF NORTH SEA OIL AND KIMMERIDGE SOURCE ROCKS’ PALEOENVIRONMENT OF DEPOSITION

Author: 
Salisu Nasir, Nasir Muhammad Augie, Ali Audu Sani and Geoff Abbott

This work tried to determine the nature of source rocks’ depositional environments in the
North Sea and the Kimmeridge using the Pristane/Phytane ratio (Pr/Ph), and at the same
time define and explain the Carbon Preference Index (CPI) used as a maturity parameter.
Geochemical analysis of a rock sample from the Kimmeridge in Dorset North England, and
Oil sample from the North Sea were carried out. The extractable hydrocarbon (Bitumen)
from the Kimmeridge rock was extracted by Soxhlet extraction method and the extract

ISSN: 
2476-8316

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